Diseases

Aortic Aneurysm

What is an abdominal aneurysm (AAA)?

 

The main vessel in your body is that the aorta. it’s an extended vessel that reaches from your chest into your abdomen. It carries blood from your heart to the remainder of your body. The a part of the aorta in your abdomen is named the aorta. It supplies blood to your stomach, pelvis, and legs.

 

Sometimes a neighborhood of a vessel wall will get weak. It can start to swell sort of a balloon and become abnormally large. this is often called an aneurysm. If an aneurysm forms in your aorta and grows overlarge, your aorta could tear or burst.

Symptoms of an AAA

 

As the aneurysm develops, there are usually no symptoms. this will continue slowly for years. Often, AAAs don’t cause symptoms unless they leak, tear, or rupture. If this happens, you’ll experience:

 

    Sudden pain in your abdomen, groin, back, legs, or buttocks.

    Nausea and vomiting.

    Abnormal stiffness in your abdominal muscles.

    Problems with urination or bowel movements.

    Clammy, sweaty skin.

 

If you’ve got these symptoms, call your doctor. Internal bleeding from a ruptured AAA can cause you to travel into shock. Shock are often fatal if not treated directly.

Related Topics

Abdominal Ultrasound

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Abdominal Ultrasound

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

High vital sign

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High vital sign

What causes an AAA?

 

Doctors don’t know exactly what causes an AAA. Weaker aorta walls increase your chance of developing an aneurysm. There are many conditions which will weaken the walls of the aorta. These include aging, smoking, and high vital sign. If any of the subsequent factors apply to you, you’re at higher risk of getting an AAA.

 

    Being male. Men are more likely than women to develop an AAA.

    AAAs are more common in people age 65 or older.

    Personal history. If you’ve got had aneurysms of any kind, you’re at greater risk of an AAA.

    Smoking damages and weakens the aorta walls.

    High vital sign. Having high vital sign weakens the walls of your aorta.

 case history. If any relations have had AAAs, you’re at higher risk. you furthermore may could get an AAA before you’re 65.

 

Talk to your doctor if you’ve got a better risk for an AAA, or if you’ve got any of the symptoms.

How is an AAA diagnosed?

 

Doctors commonly find AAAs accidentally during a routine exam. They also find them when doing tests for other issues, including unrelated pain in your abdomen. Doctors recommend an AAA screening for men ages 65 to 75 who have ever smoked.

 

If your doctor finds or thinks you’ve got an AAA, he or she may order tests. Common tests include:

 

    Ultrasound or echocardiogram – These use sound waves to make pictures of the within of your body.

 computerized tomography (CT) scan – The doctor uses X-rays to require pictures of your organs. Dye is injected into your veins so he or she will see them clearly.

 resonance imaging (MRI) – This test uses magnets and radio waves to make pictures of your organs.

    Angiography – This test uses dye and X-rays to seem at the within of your arteries. this will help your doctor see what proportion damage or blockage there’s in your blood vessels.

 

If your doctor finds or thinks you would possibly have an AAA, he or she might ask you a specialist for treatment.

Can an AAA be prevented or avoided?

 

You can’t always prevent an AAA from forming. But there are steps you’ll fancy lower your risk. These include:

 

    Don’t smoke. If you’re a smoker, attempt to quit.

    Eat a healthy diet.

    Be physically active.

    Manage conditions like high vital sign which will be controlled with medicine.

 

AAA treatment

 

Treatment for an AAA depends on its size. If your aneurysm is little, it’d not got to be treated. Your doctor may monitor it using routine testing. If your doctor cares about it, he or she may prescribe medicine. These are often wont to lower vital sign or relax blood vessels. this will help prevent the AAA from rupturing.

 

If your aneurysm is large or is growing quickly, you’ll presumably need surgery. There are 2 main sorts of surgery to get rid of or repair AAAs:

 

    Open abdominal surgery – this is often the foremost common sort of surgery for an AAA. The surgeon will make an incision (cut) in your abdomen. He or she is going to remove the aneurysm. The removed section of the aorta is replaced with a graft made from man-made material.

    Endovascular repair – during this procedure, the doctor inserts a graft into the aorta to strengthen it. He or she is going to insert a catheter (tube) into your artery through your leg. The graft are going to be threaded through the aneurysm and expanded. this may reinforce the weak section of the aorta and permit blood to flow normally. This helps keep the AAA from rupturing.

 

The type of surgery you’ve got depends on many factors. ask your doctor about which type is best for you.

Living with an AAA

 

If you’ve got an AAA, it’s important to urge regular medical aid. hear your doctor and follow your treatment plan. He or she may advise you to avoid lifting heavy objects. attempt to avoid highly emotional situations or crises that would raise your vital sign. lookout of yourself to stop the aneurysm from bursting or tearing.

Questions to ask your doctor

 

    If I’ve had one AAA, am I likely to experience another?

    Are there any lifestyle changes I can make to avoid getting another AAA?

    Is watchful waiting safe? Is there an opportunity the AAA could burst?

    Are there any side effects from an AAA that I should be watching for?

    What should I do if my pain gets worse?

    Should I visit a specialist?

 

 

What is amenorrhea?

 

Amenorrhea is once you don’t have menstrual periods. There are two sorts of amenorrhea. amenorrhea is once you are late to start out your period for the primary time. the traditional age range is 14 to 16 years old. amenorrhea is once you miss a period for 3 months during a row or more.

Symptoms of amenorrhea

 

The main symptom of amenorrhea is that the absence of your monthly period. It often signifies a bigger ill health or condition. Related symptoms can include:

 

    headache

    vision changes

    nausea

    extra facial hair

    hair loss

    changes in breast size

    milky fluid, or discharge, from breasts.

 

What causes amenorrhea?

 

The main causes of amenorrhea include case history, genetics, and lifestyle. Women with the subsequent factors are more at risk:

 

    a case history of amenorrhea or early menopause

    a genetic or chromosomal defect. These can affect your ovary function and cycle. Turner syndrome is one example.

    severely over or under weight

    an disorder

    an extreme exercise pattern

    a poor diet

    stress.

 

Pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause can cause amenorrhea. Other possible causes include:

 

    some birth controls, like pills, injections, or intrauterine devices. These can affect your cycle during and after use.

    some medicines for depression and vital sign

    chemotherapy and radiation treatment

    polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

    fragile X syndrome (caused by the FMR1 gene) or fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency (FXPOI)

    problems together with your thyroid or pituitary

    hypothalamic disease

    uterine connective tissue.

 

How is amenorrhea diagnosed?

 

Contact your general practitioner or a gynecologist if you think that you’ve got amenorrhea. If you’ve never menstruated, the doctor will review your health history and do an exam. a daily physical and pelvic check can show signs of puberty.

 

For amenorrhea, the doctor will begin with a bioassay. If this is often negative, then they’re going to do an exam and review your health history.

 

Additional tests could also be needed to assist rule out or determine a cause. A karyotype test looks at your chromosomes. A genetic test looks for the mutated FMR1 gene. Imaging tests can check out your female organs. A biopsy can check your:

 

    thyroid function (thyroid-stimulating hormone, or TSH, levels)

    ovary function (follicle-stimulating hormone, or FSH, and LH, or LH, levels)

    testosterone (“male hormone”) levels, which may detect PCOS

    estrogen (“female hormone”) levels.

 

Can amenorrhea be prevented or avoided?

 

It is hard to stop amenorrhea. attempt to maintain a healthy diet and exercise plan. If you’re under- or overweight, ask your doctor about the way to find a balance. Once you start to menstruate, keep track of your periods monthly. this will help identify amenorrhea early and aid in your diagnosis and treatment. It is also good practice if you are trying to become pregnant within the future.

Amenorrhea treatment

 

Treatment options for amenorrhea vary supported the cause. you’ll got to make lifestyle changes, like diet, activity, and stress. Certain hormonal medicines and contraception pills can help trigger a period. Others can help trigger ovulation, like for PCOS. Hormone therapy could also be wont to balance out your hormones.

 

Surgery isn’t common, but could also be needed in some cases, such as:

 

    to correct genetic or chromosomal defects

 to get rid of a pituitary (brain) tumor

 to get rid of uterine connective tissue.

 

Living with amenorrhea

 

For most women, their monthly periods return following treatment. In some cases, your related ill health may mean you never have a period. counting on your underlying cause, you’ll struggle with fertility.

Questions to ask your doctor

 

    If I even have amenorrhea, am i able to still get pregnant?

    What are the advantages, risks, and side effects of treatment?

    If I even have amenorrhea, will I always have it or am i able to catch on again?

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