Diseases Kinds

Asthma in Kids

What is asthma?


Asthma may be a disease that always starts in childhood. Asthma makes it difficult for your child’s lungs to urge air. that creates it hard for your child to breathe. Asthma happens when your lungs become irritated and fill with mucus.

What are the symptoms of asthma?


If your child has asthma, he or she may:


    Be in need of breath (with or without activity)

    Have a decent feeling (or pain) in their chest

    Have difficulty sleeping (because asthma symptoms are worse in the dark, once you are lying down)

    Have a clear wheezing sound as they breathe

    Have a persistent cough


The more frequent the symptoms, the more serious the disease.

What causes asthma?


No one knows what causes asthma. However, we all know plenty about what triggers an asthma. People with asthma are commonly sensitive to:



    tobacco smoke

    smoke from burning wood

    dust mites

    outdoor pollution



    some foods

    certain medicines


Other triggers include:



    upper respiratory viruses

    acid reflux (when fluid from your stomach backs up into your throat)

 apnea (when you stop breathing for brief periods while sleeping)

    sinus infection

    weather (changing temperatures, muggy conditions, rain)


    becoming overly excited


Newer research suggests that asthma is tied to obesity (being significantly overweight).

How is asthma diagnosed?


Your doctor will perform a physical exam on your child, check out your child’s medical record, and perform a breathing test called spirometry. Spirometry measures what proportion air you exhale after taking a deep breath. it’s painless and may be wiped out the doctor’s office. Your doctor will give your child a disposable mouthpiece that attaches to a tube. That tube attaches to a machine that records their breathing. there’s usually a picture on the machine’s screen, like birthday candles or a wall of bricks. As your child exhales, the candles will leave (or the bricks will fall down). Your child are going to be asked to repeat the test quite once during their doctor’s visit to urge accurate results. If your child’s asthma is bothering them at the time of the test, your doctor may give him or her a dose of an inhaled prescription drug that exposes their airway. they’re going to be asked to retake the test after inhaling the drugs.


Other, more involved tests may include:


    The exercise challenge (exercising on a treadmill or stationary bike while doing a breathing test).

    An exhaled gas test (breathing into a special device that measures what proportion of the gas gas is in your breath — high levels of the gas are present in people with asthma).

    Allergy testing (skin and blood tests to work out what you’re allergic to).


Can asthma be prevented or avoided?


Asthma can’t be prevented. However, your child can reduce his or her asthma attacks by learning their triggers and avoiding them. for instance, limit your child’s exposure to pets and cigarette smoke, and have them stay indoors on days when pollution is bad. Avoid wearing strong perfume or cologne around your child. Strong smells can trigger an asthma.

Asthma treatment


There is no cure for asthma. It can often be a lifelong condition. However, you’ll improve your child’s quality of life by knowing and avoiding their triggers, reminding them to require their prescription drug, and following the written asthma plan their doctor gives them. The plan gives details on their triggers and what to try to to if they feel the beginning of an attack.


There are two sorts of asthma medicines. the primary are maintenance medicines (taken daily to stay their asthma under control). The second are quick-acting medicines (usually within the sort of an inhaler to bring them immediate relief once they have an asthma attack). Some people take their medicine with a nebulizer. A nebulizer changes liquid medicine into a fine mist that’s inhaled through a mask or mouthpiece. Your doctor will determine which is best for your child.

Living with asthma


Living with asthma as a toddler are often difficult. An asthma can interfere with physical activity (playtime and sports), sleep, and cause children to miss school or be hospitalized. Teach your child to acknowledge their asthma triggers and to plan for those triggers if they can’t avoid them. Also, teach your child to stay their quick-acting medicine nearby within the event of an asthma. With proper monitoring and medicine, your child can enjoy a full and active life.



What is asthma?


Asthma may be a chronic (long-term) disease of the lungs. It inflames and narrows the airways. These are tubes that carry air into and out of your lungs. It most frequently starts in childhood, but can affect people of all ages.


The airways of individuals who have asthma are extra sensitive to the items they’re allergic to (allergens). they’re also sensitive to certain substances which will be inhaled through the air.


Asthma symptoms start when irritants cause the liner of the airways to become inflamed (swollen) and narrow. The muscles round the airways can then spasm (contract rapidly). This causes the airways to narrow even more. When the liner of the airways is inflamed, it produces more mucus. The mucus clogs the airways and further blocks the flow of air. When these symptoms are severe and not easily controlled, it’s called an “asthma attack.”

Symptoms of asthma


An asthma “flare up,” or attack, happens when excess mucus causes your air tubes to swell and tighten. Asthma attacks are often mild, moderate, or severe. Symptoms of an asthma include the following:


    Coughing. Coughing from asthma is typically worse early within the morning and in the dark. this will cause problems sleeping.

    Tightness within the chest. you’ll feel breathless and like something is squeezing your chest.

    Wheezing. A hoarse, squeaky, musical, or whistling sound once you breathe.

    Coughing with mucus.


Severe asthma attacks are often life threatening. Call your doctor directly if you experience any or all of the subsequent issues. He or she might want you to hunt emergency care directly.


    Your rescue medicine doesn’t relieve your symptoms.

    Your fingernails or lips turn gray or blue.

 you’ve got trouble walking or talking.

 you’ve got extreme difficulty breathing.

    Your neck, chest, or ribs are pulled in with each breath.

    Your nostrils flare once you breathe.

    Your heartbeat or pulse is extremely fast.


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What causes asthma?


An exact explanation for asthma has not been determined. Scientists and researchers think that genetic and environmental causes cause asthma. These may include:


    One or both parents have asthma.

    A genetic history of allergies within the family.

    Having certain respiratory infections during childhood.

    Contact with allergens or infections during infancy and infancy, when the system remains developing.


Many things can cause your asthma to flare up, including:



    viral infections (such as a cold) and sinus infections


    air pollutants (such as wood smoke)

    cold air


    perfume or chemical fumes



For some people, strong emotions or stress can trigger an asthma. concentrate to the way this stuff affect your asthma. Work together with your doctor to work out which things bother your asthma.

How is asthma diagnosed?


Your doctor will ask you for your medical record, especially any case history of allergies and asthma. Keep a record of your asthma symptoms and when and the way often they occur. Your doctor will want to understand what seems to trigger and worsen your symptoms.


He or she is going to perform a physical exam. they’re going to hear your breathing and appearance for signs of allergies and asthma. These can include wheezing, swollen nasal passages, and allergic skin conditions (such as eczema).


They will conduct a spirometry test. you’ll breathe into a machine called a spirometer to ascertain how well your lungs work. It records the quantity of air and the way quickly you inhale and out. Your doctor may have to perform other tests, such as:


    Allergy testing.

    Tests to rule out other conditions with symptoms almost like asthma. These could include apnea or reflux disease.

    Chest X-ray or EKG (electrocardiogram) to form sure there’s nothing else in your lungs (a disease or foreign object) that’s causing the symptoms.


Can asthma be prevented or avoided?


Asthma can’t be prevented, and there’s no cure. you’ll help avoid asthmas by avoiding the triggers which will start an asthma attack. samples of common allergens and irritants include:






    tobacco smoke

    pet dander


    changes in temperature

    certain foods

    sulfite (food preservative in wine, beer, salad bars, dehydrated soups, and other foods)


    strong emotions (such as crying or laughing)


    colds and viruses.


Asthma treatment


Your doctor will work with you to make an action decide to control your asthma. The plan will include recognizing your symptoms and avoiding your asthma triggers. it’ll give guidance on taking medicines properly. Your plan will assist you track your level and control and know when to hunt emergency care when needed.


Your doctor may have you ever use a peak flow meter to trace your symptoms. A peak flow meter may be a handheld device that measures your peak expiratory flow (PEFR). this is often how briskly you’ll blow air out of your lungs. Measuring your peak flow regularly can assist you tell whether your asthma is getting worse.


Asthma medicines are divided into two groups: controller medicines (to prevent attacks) and rescue medicines (to treat attacks). Your doctor will ask you about these medicines and what to try to to if you’ve got an asthma. Ask your doctor for written instructions about the way to take your medicines. the subsequent are samples of medicines most ordinarily employed by people that have asthma:

Controller Medicines


    inhaled corticosteroids

    combination inhalers

    leukotriene modifiers.


Quick-Relief Medicines


    albuterol, pirbuterol, levalbuterol, or bitolterol


    oral steroids (prednisone, prednisolone).


Living with asthma


With the treatments available today, most of the people who have asthma are ready to manage the disease. they’ll have few symptoms. they will live normal, active lives and sleep through the night without interruption from asthma.


Treating symptoms once you first notice them is vital. this may help prevent them causing a severe asthma. Severe asthma attacks may require emergency care. they will be fatal.

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