Disease protection

What is AIDS?

AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) may be a life-threatening condition caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus makes your body weak and unable to repel infections. It does this by attacking your body’s system, killing CD4 cells (also called T cells). Left untreated, HIV can kill numerous CD4 cells that your body can not repel infections. When this happens, it’s considered stage 3 HIV, or AIDS.

Symptoms of AIDS


AIDS symptoms are triggered by the body’s weakened system. this suggests that if you’ve got AIDS, your body cannot repel infections and other conditions. people that have AIDS are at high risk of getting opportunistic infections. These infections are often caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc. they will affect any a part of the body. AIDS also puts you at higher risk surely cancers, especially lymphomas and carcinoma, consistent with the National Institutes of Health (NIH).


AIDS symptoms will vary, but may include:


    Lung infections (cough, fever, and shortness of breath)

    Intestinal infections (diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting)

    Extreme tiredness

    Swollen lymph glands

    Mouth sores



    Rashes or skin lesions

    Weight loss


What causes AIDS?


AIDS is caused by the HIV virus. The virus is spread from person to person several ways. you’ll get HIV by having sexual contact with an individual who has HIV. you’ll also catch on if you share a needle with someone who has HIV. Pregnant mothers who have HIV may pass it to their babies during pregnancy, childbirth, or while breastfeeding.

How is AIDS diagnosed?


When you have HIV, your doctor will monitor your CD4 count by ordering a biopsy. A healthy CD4 count ranges from 500 to 1,600 CD4 cells. The lower your CD4 count, the less your body can fight infection. If your CD4 count drops below 200, your doctor may diagnose you with AIDS. repeatedly, you’ll also have already got an infection or pneumonia thanks to the low number of CD4 cells.

Can AIDS be prevented or avoided?


You can prevent AIDS by preventing HIV. the simplest thanks to prevent HIV is to not roll in the hay (vaginal, anal, or oral) with an individual who has HIV, or share a needle with an individual who has HIV.


Other ways to stop HIV include:


 once you roll in the hay, practice “safer” sex by employing a condom. the simplest condom may be a male latex condom. A female condom isn’t as effective but does offer some protection.

 don’t share needles and syringes.

    Never let someone else’s blood, semen, urine, vaginal fluid, or feces get into your anus, vagina, or mouth.


AIDS treatment


Even though there’s no cure for HIV, there are many medicines available to assist combat it. These medicines (called antiretroviral therapy or ART) will often prevent HIV from getting to AIDS. Even when HIV does reach AIDS, antiretroviral therapy is usually still effective. However, it’s best the sooner you start treatment.

Living with AIDS


Without treatment, the survival rate for somebody with AIDS is about 3 years. That number decreases if they get an infection or cancer as a results of their weakened system.


With treatment, though, the survival rate for HIV and even AIDS is far better. within the us, most of the people with HIV don’t develop AIDS because effective ART stops disease progression. People with HIV who are diagnosed early can have a lifetime that’s about an equivalent as someone like them who doesn’t HIV, consistent with HIV.gov.

Questions to ask your doctor


    When should I begin taking antiretroviral medicine?

    How will you opt which medicine I should take?

    Are there lifestyle changes I should make to remain healthy?

    How am i able to protect my partner during sex?

    How am i able to protect myself from opportunistic infections?

 am i able to have a pet?



What is attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?


Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be a group of behaviors. It wont to be called attention deficit disorder (ADD). ADHD is common in children and adults. people that have ADHD have trouble listening at college, work, or home. Even once they attempt to concentrate, they find it hard to concentrate.


Most of what we hear about ADHD is how it affects children. However, adults can have ADHD also. it’s more common in males.

Symptoms of adult ADHD


Adults who have ADHD are more likely to be distracted, careless, or impulsive. Someone who finds it difficult to concentrate may have adult ADHD if they need 6 or more of the subsequent symptoms.


    Has difficulty following instructions.

    Has difficulty that specialize in activities at college, work, and/or home.

    Moves from one thing to a different, sometimes without completing the primary.

    Loses things often.

    Appears to not listen.

    Doesn’t pay close attention to details.

    Seems disorganized.

    Has trouble with tasks that need planning ahead.

    Forgets things.

 is definitely distracted.


Someone who is impulsive may have adult ADHD if they need the subsequent symptoms.


    Makes decisions quickly, often stupidly them through.

    Interrupts people.

    Talks an excessive amount of.

    Fidgets or can’t be still.

 is usually on the go.

    Is impatient or has trouble waiting their turn.


What causes adult ADHD?


People who have ADHD don’t make enough chemicals in certain parts of the brain that help organize thoughts. this is often thought to be the explanation for ADHD. The shortage of chemicals could also be thanks to a person’s genes. Research shows that ADHD is more common in people that have an in depth loved one with the disorder. Recent research links smoking and other drug abuse during pregnancy to ADHD. Exposure to environmental toxins, like lead, also can be an element.

How is adult ADHD diagnosed?


A person diagnosed with ADHD will have had symptoms for a minimum of 6 months. you’ll have had ADHD as a toddler, or it’s going to have gone undiagnosed. Some adults who have ADHD could also be diagnosed once they determine their children have ADHD.


Talk to your doctor if you notice ongoing signs of adult ADHD. they’re going to discuss your symptoms, lifestyle, and overall health. so as to be diagnosed with adult ADHD, you want to have had symptoms before age 12.

Can adult ADHD be prevented or avoided?


You cannot prevent or avoid adult ADHD.

Adult ADHD treatment


Adults who have ADHD can help manage symptoms. Treatment options include medicine, therapy, and/or lifestyle changes.




One sort of medicine wont to treat ADHD is named psychostimulants. This includes methylphenidate, dextroamphetamine, and a drug that mixes dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. These medicines have an interesting effect in most of the people. However, they need a relaxing effect in people that have ADHD. These medicines improve attention and concentration, and reduce impulsive and overactive behaviors. Your doctor may consider other non-stimulant medicines, like atomoxetine, clonidine, desipramine, imipramine, or bupropion.


All medicines have side effects. Psychostimulants may decrease your appetite and cause a stomachache or a headache. The loss of appetite can cause unplanned weight loss in some people. This side effect seems to be more common in children. Some people have insomnia (trouble sleeping). Other possible side effects include fast heartbeat, pain, or vomiting. To avoid or reduce the side effects of psychostimulants, follow these tips:


    Use rock bottom possible dose that also controls the hyperactivity or inattention. Your doctor will tell you the proper dose.

    Take the drugs with food if it bothers your stomach.

    Maintain a healthy diet.

    Ask your doctor if you’ll skip taking medicine on the weekends.

    If you’re taking a long-acting medicine, don’t crush, break, or chew it before swallowing it.


It’s important to require the drugs the way your doctor prescribes it. Follow their advice, albeit you think that the drugs isn’t working. Medicines wont to treat ADHD are shown to enhance a person’s ability to try to to specific tasks. This includes listening or having more self-control. The length of your time an individual will got to take medicine depends on everyone. Some people only got to take medicine for 1 to 2 years. Others need treatment for several more years.




If your doctor thinks you’ve got adult ADHD, they’ll suggest therapy. this might include individual counseling and/or support groups. Your doctor also may recommend testing and counseling with someone who focuses on treating ADHD. you’ll learn ways to vary your work environment and keep distractions to a minimum. Organizational tools can assist you find out how to specialise in activities at work and reception. many of us who have ADHD find counseling helpful.


Lifestyle changes


It is important to form some personal changes to assist improve your condition. These may include:


    Setting a schedule and sticking thereto. Having a group schedule can keep you organized, focused, and on target.

    Thinking before you act. If you recognize you tend to be impulsive, attempt to put more thought into decisions. believe pros and cons, also as possible risks or consequences. believe how it could affect others, not just yourself.

    Maintaining a healthy, well-rounded routine. attempt to be according to your diet, exercise, and sleep. Avoid substances or situations that trigger negative actions.


Living with adult ADHD


People who have ADHD should visit their doctor for normal checkups. A lifetime of ADHD behaviors can cause social problems, like low self-esteem, trouble learning or working, and problems with relationships. ADHD can put you in danger of addiction. Some people that have ADHD may have problems sleeping or eating. they’ll have related health conditions also. These could include:




 manic depression

    oppositional defiant disorder(ODD)

    Tourette syndrome.


Questions to ask your doctor


    If i’m diagnosed with ADHD as a toddler, will I even have it as an adult?

    What medicine is best for me? What are its side effects?

    Will I always need to take medicine?

    Do I even have to require the drugs consistently for it to work?

    Are there diet or lifestyle changes I can make to assist with ADHD?

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